|Name Of Column||Author||Title||Article Type|
|WebWhispers Columnist||Dutch's Photos||One Lary's Collection||Experiences|
|Musings From The President||Murray Allan||Honor Thy Caregiver||Experiences|
|VoicePoints||Dietrich-Burns, Messing, Farrell||Part III: Transcervical Artificial Lary||Education-Med|
|Bits, Buts, & Bytes||Dutch Helms||Computer Tips||Experiences|
|Welcome New Members||Listing||Welcome||News & Events|
Boys and Their Toys! One
by Dutch Helms, WebWhispers Webmaster
As many kids of my generation did, I grew up assembling and painting plastic model kits; in my case, mostly 1/72 and 1/48 scale airplanes. By the time I graduated from high school my bedroom was overflowing with aircraft on shelves and even hanging from the ceiling. My interest in this avocation, however, waned during my college years, replaced, as I recall, with interests in academics, "beer", "dating", and "girls". After joining the USAF and after returning from a tour of duty in Vietnam my interest in "military modeling" returned, though it shifted from aircraft to, of all things, armored vehicles and soldiers (my USAF buddies were appalled!). Thus, in the early 1970's, I began to build and collect 1/35 scale battle tanks and military figures associated with them. This soon expanded into building the kits into homemade dioramas. Below are two pictures of my work of that period, one from 1973 (left) and another from 1976 (right).
In creating these dioramas, I found that I really began to enjoy building and painting the figures much more than simply the machines. This discovery made me expand my hobby to now include 54mm military miniatures. Back in those days, suppliers of these miniatures were very limited; my sources back then were primarily Imrie-Risley kits and unpainted Britains miniature castings. You can see a few of these 54mm miniatures in the above picture on the left. Below are some pictures of the 1/35 scale dioramas I made in the mid 1970's.
Flak 88mm Gun
3rd SS Panzer Div. - Russia - 1942
Panzer 38 Hetzer
2nd Panzer Div. - Kursk, Russia - 1943
Semi-Tracked Transport 7
3rd Waffen SS Div. - Russia - 1943
In 1977, as I finished a Masters Degree program at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA, I received orders for attach duty in Bonn, Germany. Fearing that these delicate models would be destroyed in the move, I donated my entire tank and diorama collection to a leading professor in the school's history department, Dr. Russ Stolfi. The good professor quickly obtained glass cases and put the entire collection on display in his classroom building, where it may still be today. I then packed away the remaining military miniature figures into storage boxes where they remained for years. For reasons unknown, my interest in and passion for miniatures disappeared and remained buried in my soul for over 20 years.
Then, one weekend in the autumn of 1999, I was up in Ohio visiting my brother, Richard. In the guest bedroom where I stayed, I noticed HIS growing collection of miniatures and was fascinated by how much the scope and range of this hobby had grown over the years. Reinspired, I returned home, rummaged through my storage boxes and rediscovered my long-lost 54mm figures, amazingly still in relatively good shape. I found some room on my living room shelves and put these relatively few figures out for display. In short, I got the ITCH for military miniatures again and over the past five years it has grown exponentially. Currently, my collection now numbers somewhere around 490 54mm figures along with around 190 30mm "flats" (old-fashioned two-sided flat figures from Europe). The range of my figures run from a Sumerian Heavy Infantryman from 2500 BC, to a Japanese infantry squad as would have been found on Iwo Jima in 1944. My 54mm figures are now displayed in 5 display shelf units in my living/dining area and my 30mm "flats" are in four diorama boxes on my living room walls.
As a military miniature collector, one has two choices: (1) procure pre-assembled and pre-painted figures or (2) procure kits and assemble and paint them yourself. While many companies now offer completed figures, these can be very expensive since it is labor-intensive work. The really well-done single figures, mostly now done in Russia, England, Hong Kong and Latvia, can be purchased starting at around $60 to $100 ; mounted knights, etc., can, however, go for as much as $500 each. Many other companies offer only kits. These are generally white metal castings of varying quality, good to fantastic, and come unassembled. That is, a typical kit would consist of: head, helmet, torso, two arms, two legs, rifle, sword, dagger, canteen, backpack, and the figure's base. Kit prices generally range from $10 to $30 for foot figures, slightly more for mounted figures. For me, the kit route is the best. It is more challenging, more creative, and more fun. The vast majority of pieces in my collection are miniatures I have done myself.
Marathon - 490 BC
Rome - 50 AD
Assembling and painting a kit is a time-consuming process. First, one needs to know HOW to paint it. While most kits come with painting guides, it is often necessary to do further uniform research to make sure your completed figure is historically accurate. Uniform references abound, though one of the best is the Osprey series. Once one knows how the finished figure should look, the real work begins. In general, a typical figure is produced as follows:
(1) Using a small file, each part is finished/smoothed to remove any metal flash or casting seams that were created when the part was made.
(2) Each part is then painted with a primer to seal the surfaces and to better prepare the part to accept the actual painting.
(3) Each part is then painted, working from inside out - like getting dressed; undershirt first, then shirt, then jacket, then backpack straps, etc., and then details like buttons, lace, insignia, braid, shading, etc.
(4) The face and other exposed flesh parts are painted. Painting the face is detail work, especially eyes, eyebrows, lips, mustaches, etc. The goal is to make the figure look like a real person, not a doll.
(5) Almost finally, all the parts are bonded together, generally using a variant of super-glue.
(6) Then finally, the assembled figure is retouched to cover any seams, to complete or add further details, and to make sure it is as perfect as possible. (Some collectors, as a final step, add a coat of clear semi-gloss or flat acrylic varnish, to further protect the figure's finish.)
Richard I (Lionheart)
England - 1190
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Depending upon the individual figure, the entire above process can take between 8-15 hours, spaced out over a period of several days (to allow for drying times, eye-strain, etc.). Painting the figures requires specialty paints, made specifically for military miniature purposes. Also, one needs very SMALL brushes because of the detailed painting required. Good lighting is an imperative, so you can SEE your work. Also, especially at MY age, I find that using head-mounted magnifying glasses a real advantage. They are comfortable to wear and really help when painting details.
As you can probably tell, assembling, painting, and collecting military miniatures is NOT a cheap hobby. In addition to the kits, you need glues, primers, paints, brushes, files, painting accessories, and reference materials, etc. Several months ago, just for fun, I attempted to determine what I had spent on this hobby since 1999 for miniatures, kits, materials, and display cases, etc. My best guess approached just over $10,000.00. Yes, that is a LOT of money but I don't regret a penny of it. It has been and remains an enjoyable, challenging, interesting, educational, and therapeutic hobby and I do not have to TALK to anyone while doing it!! J
3rd Regiment Prinz Karl
Bavaria - 1815
St. Petersberg Grenadiers
Russia - 1815
You can see more pictures from my collection on my Personal Web Site, beginning at:
http://members.aol.com/FantumTwo/photos2.htm For those interested, below
are some very good online sources for figures and kits:Arquebus Military
Michigan Toy Soldier Co.: http://www.michtoy.com/
Dutkin's Collectibles: http://www.dutkins.com/
Bryerton's Military Miniatures (Tradition figures): http://www.bryertons.com/tradition_54mm_.html
GJuss/Art I.G.: http://www.gjuss.lv/
Tin Soldiers: http://soldiers.spb.ru/
AeroArt OnLine: http://www.aeroartinc.com/milminhome.asp
Saratoga Soldier Shop: http://www.saratogasoldier.com/
Andrea Miniatures: http://www.andrea-miniatures.com/
W. Britains: https://www.ashdown.co.uk/tgp/eden/britshop.asp
King and Country: http://www.myweb2s.com/ecat/servlet/EcatCatg?comp_id=7
Real Miniatures: http://www.realminiatures.com/
Links to Dealers worldwide: http://www.btinternet.com/~model.soldiers/linkman.html
Murray's Mumbles ... Musings from the President
On The Mend - Slowly ... HONOR THY CAREGIVER!
Many thanks to all the members that were kind enough to send me cards and their good wishes during my recent spinal surgery. Unfortunately a nerve was stretched during the procedure which left me with a non-functioning right arm which in my case is the dominant one. They tell me that time and physiotherapy are the only cures so I am waiting impatiently for both to take affect. I would never had believed how much a person couldn't do on their own without the aid and assistance of their caregiver. The simplest tasks are impossible. Showering, shaving, getting dressed, proper stoma care are a distant memory. Brushing your teeth and combing your hair with your left hand are a simple exercise made almost impossible unless your ambidextrous. Without my wonderful wife June to cut my food I would look like a low-carb advocate. June is a treasure and without her kindness and thoughtfulness in helping me eat, clean up and dress, etc, etc, and being entirely supportive, I would be totally lost. We never miss our independence until it is taken from us.Typing is also a great challenge. I hold my right hand with my left and pound away. I will not be winning any speed contests. I am trying to train my big orange cat Rusty to lay in front of the keyboard so I can use him for a wrist rest. Rusty is not cooperating!Thank you again for your kind thoughts, prayers and good wishes. They were truly appreciated. Now, let's hear it for our caregivers!!Take care and stay well.
[ © 2004 Dan H. Kelly, Ph.D. ]
coordinated by Dr. Dan Kelly, Retired Associate Professor ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery
7700 University Court, Suite 3900, West Chester, OH 45069
2004 Katie Dietrich-Burns, M.S., CCC-SLP,
Barbara P. Messing, M.A., CCC-SLP
& Stephanie Sulc Farrell, M.S. CCC-SLP
Third of a Three Part Series:
Foundation Skills for the Artificial Larynx
Part III: Transcervical Artificial Larynges
In 1983, Shirley Salmon developeda protocol for training laryngectomees in the use of artificial larynges. Dr. Salmon describes the important elements and hierarchy of teaching patients how to use an artificial larynx with the intent of maximizing speech intelligibility using the mnemonic I PAT PAL (see Figure 1).
|Figure 1: Instructional Method for Teaching Use of an Artificial
I = Information: The patient is informed on benefits of artificial larynges and selection
of the proper device. Influential factors: purchase price and upkeep, availability, possible
modifications, expediency, post-operative complications, patient preferences.
P = Placement: Placement of the device to achieve. For example, with certain artificial
larynges, the "sweet spot" is the place in at the best clarity of sound and resonance is
achieved. With intra-oral devices appropriate placement of the intra-oral tubing is
A = Articulation: Shaping sounds into speech using the articulators for precise sound
production. Overarticulation or exaggerated movements of the articulators is often
recommended to increase speech intelligibility level. Placement of the artificial larynx
should favor lip reading.
T = Timing: "On-Off" timing consistent with syllable initiating and releasing positions of
phonemes in words and phrases results in optimum sound production and greater speech
PAL = Pitch and Loudness: Modify pitch to more closely resemble gender appropriate
pitch level. Loudness - volume should be adequate for the communications setting.
Changes in one will usually show changes in the other.
(S. J. Salmon, Ph.D., 1983)
Instruction on the use of a neck-type artificial larynx using the ?I PAT PAL? method:
In 1942, Wright
introduced the first electrolarynx, the Sonovox (Keith, 1994). This unit was
produced by Aurex in 1945, and set the design foundation of the modern
transcervical artificial larynx. In 1959, the transistorized Electrolarynx was
developed by Bell Laboratories (Keith, 1994). The Bell or Western Electric was
produced in two models 5A and 5B, which incorporated internal preset frequency
ranges for males and females respectively. This preset pitch range could be
adjusted to meet individual preference. The laryngectomee could additionally
modify the pitch with an external tone activation switch. The Western Electric
5A and 5B do not have an external intensity or volume adjustment. The Western
Electric was powered by a carbon-zinc battery. However, physical adjustments to
the battery compartment as reported by Eric Blom in 1978, allowed the unit to
accommodate standard 9-Volt battery (Keith, 1994). The patient and clinician
were advised to exercise care during these adjustments, because damage incurred
during this change nullified the manufacturer?s warranty.
In 2002, Siemens introduced the Digital Servox. The Digital Servox is similar in appearance to its predecessor. The plastic portion of the Digital Servox casing is blue in lieu of the Inton?s light grey. Like the Inton, the Digital Servox uses a rechargeable NiMH battery. Pitch is set internally and the user may use one of two buttons externally to select pitch or to create inflection. Volume is adjusted by depressing one of the pitch buttons and moving a rocker switch. Volume settings may be set, so that one button may produce a louder tone than the other. The Digital Servox is similar in cost to the Inton.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Transcervical Artificial Larynges
The advantages of transcervical
devices are as follows:
No negative impact upon articulation
Provides communication during periods of high stress and tension when other
methods of speech such as standard esophageal voicing and tracheoesophageal
voicing may be compromised by heightened tension at the level of the esophageal
opening during periods of high stress (Peters & Dichtel, 1995).
* Relatively inexpensive compared with other voice rehabilitation options
* Readily available power sources (9-Volt battery)
Most models may allow of intra-oral adaptation
The disadvantages of transcervical devices are:
An initial period of practice is required to learn avoid articulation error associated with electromechanical voice.
* patient must hold the device while speaking
* can have a mechanical, robotic sound quality.
Rechargeable, device specific, batteries are required for certain models. These may be more expensive than a standard 9-volt battery and must be routinely charged.
Whether back-up method of voicing or primary mode of communication, every laryngectomee should have an artificial larynx and be able to use it proficiently. Of all the models discussed in this series, transcervical electrolarynges are by far, the most common type artificial larynx dispensed. Throughout the years neck-type units have proven to be reliable, durable and easy to use. Transcervical devices are unique in that they may be modified for intra-oral or cheek use if neck-placement is not obtainable. Innumerable electro-technological gains were made during later half of the 20th century. This has translated to improvements in pitch and volume control in the modern electrolarynx.
Bits, Buts, & Bytes
AN EMAILER?S ABBREVIATION - ACRONYM GLOSSARY
BTW: 99% of these terms below are not
acronyms, just shorthand. The younger generation is learning
VERSION TWO: BTW, among the FAQ's that I get is what these CUA's mean when included in Emails on the Internet. Below is, IMO, at least a "starters list" for your edification. There are many more out there in use and more are added each day, but FWIW the below are likely the most common. IAE, HTH, and SYNT!
BFN bye for now
BTSOOM beats the stuffing out of me
BTW by the way
CUA commonly used acronym(s) OR common user access
FAQ frequently asked question
FU fouled up
FUBAR fouled up beyond all recognition
FUD (spreading) fear, uncertainty, and disinformation
FWIW for what it's worth
FYI for your information
GR&D grinning, running, & ducking
HTH hope this helps
IAE in any event
IANAL I am not a lawyer IANAD I am not a doctor
IMCO in my considered opinion
IMHO in my humble opinion
IMNSHO in my NOT so humble opinion
IMO in my opinion
IOW in other words
LOL lots of luck or laughing out loud
LARY laryngectomee MHOTY my hat's off to you
NRN no reply necessary
OIC oh, I see!
OOTB out of the box (brand new)
OTOH on the other hand
OTTH on the third hand
PITA pain in the [...]
PMFJI pardon me for jumping in
ROTFL roll(ing) on the floor laughing (also, ROF,L, ROFL)
RSN real soon now (which may be a long time coming)
RTM read the manual (or message)
SITD still in the dark
SNAFU situation normal, all fouled up
SYNT see you next time TANSTAAFL there ain't no such thing as a free lunch
TIA thanks in advance
TIC tongue in cheek
TLA three-letter acronym (such as this)
TTFN ta ta for now
TTYL talk to you later
TYVM thank you very much
WYSIWYG what you see is what you get YHGTBKM you have got to be kidding me
ListServ "Flame Warriors"
Archivist saves and squirrels away each and every
forum message. Do you remember having a bad day back in 1999
when in one of your messages you may have said a few things that
were...well, perhaps a little...hasty? Don't worry, Archivist still has it
and will post it to the forum if you begin to get the upper hand in
battle. Archivist can be a very effective and fearsome Warrior.
Above courtesy of Mike Reed
See more of his work at: http://www.winternet.com/~mikelr/flame1.html
Welcome To Our New Members:
would like to welcome all new laryngectomees, caregivers and
professionals to WebWhispers! There is much information to be gained from the
site and from suggestions submitted by our members on the Email lists. If you
have any questions or constructive criticism please contact Pat or Dutch at
We welcome the 22 new members who joined us during
Adel Al Rehani
San Jose, CA
Carol Blackmann - Vendor (InHealth)
South Euclid, OH
Sanctuary Cove, Qld., Australia
Owen Jaeger - Caregiver
Ruthy Large - Caregiver
Kurri Kurri, NSW, Australia
Bruce Mines, Ont. Canada
Helen Morgan - Caregiver
Bena Riddle - SLP
Balmoral, Qld, Australia
Monument Beach, MA
Patty Smith - Caregiver
Caroline Wright - SLP Student
Sedgefield, Durham, UK
WebWhispers is an Internet-based laryngectomee support group.
It is a member of the International Association of Laryngectomees.
The current officers are:
Pat Sanders............V.P.-Web Information
Terry Duga.........V.P.-Finance and Admin.
Libby Fitzgerald.....V.P.-Member Services
WebWhispers welcomes all those diagnosed with cancer of the
larynx or who have lost their voices for other reasons, their
caregivers, friends and medical personnel. For complete information
on membership or for questions about this publication, contact
Dutch Helms at: email@example.com
? 2004 WebWhispers